This is the 2nd edition of Sanma Provincial Statistical Indicator (PSI). Its the update report of the Sanma PSI report published in 2015.
Statistics is very important in socio-economic development and planning process in every country; as such or Vanuatu. In 2016, Vanuatu initiated a National Sustainable Development Plan (NSDP 2016 - 2030) which consists of the economics, social and environmental aspects of the livelihood of the people of Vanuatu. This report will greatly contribute to the monitoring of the progress of the NSDP at the provincial level.
A snapshot analysis of the indicators was from the province of Sanma. Detailed information on different topics and tables of special interest can be obtain from other publications or directly from other VNSO reports and databases.
VNSO will continue to work on this same report or other provinces, and ensure that the report is compiled on an annual basis. The purpose of this report is to provide a basic overview about social-economic status of the province of Sanma with an emphasis on administrative data to:
- provide a general overview of the vast amount detailed information that is available at the provincial level
- generate interest and desire for more sub national, for decision and policy makers especially at the provincial level, and
- enhance the decision making process at the provincial level and sub provincial level.
Below is the summary of the report by topics. More information is in the report.
The population of Sanma province is about 58,917 in 2018 according to Sanma population projection estimates 2009-2018, 52% of them were male and 48% female. Like other provinces, Sanma population has a young age structure with 19% of the population aged less than 15 years and only 3% aged over 60 years as shown by the population pyramid.
Density is a good indicator or measure of how a place is crowded or scattered. The higher the number of youth population, the higher the crowding.
Sanma province has a total land area of 4,286 km square and a total population of 54,182 according to the 2016 population Mini census. This means that the average population density for Sanma province was 13 persons per km square, an increase of two people, from 11 people per km square since 2009.
Differences between the number of males and females can be seen using the sex ratio. In 2016, the sex ratio for Sanma province was 105 – meaning that for every 100 females, there are 105 males. There are more males than Females in Sanma province.
Environmental diseases in Sanma province recorded some interesting figures. The records shows skin scabies at 35% in 2016, conjunctives went up to 29% and scabies at 14%. The lowest records was other eye infections conditions in 2016 at 2%, Fish poisoning and yaws 1% each.
Total facilities recorded an increase of 11% from 2016 to 2017. Aid Posts increased by 36%, Specialized clinics by 21%, Health Centres and Dispensaries by 10% and OPD and Emergency by 1%.
Birth Deliveries in Sanma Province recorded an increase of 4% from 2016 to 2017 but decreased by 4% in 2018 over 2017. More than half of the Birth Deliveries occur in hospitals with 67% share followed by Health Centres/Dispensaries at 23%, Community setting (by TBA) at 6%, Aid Posts at 3% and Community setting (without SBA or TBA) at 1%.
According to VEMIS report the Early Childhood Education (ECE) recorded the highest in 2018 with 838 enrolments, followed by Primary school with 455 enrolments. Secondary school is slowly picking up while the Post school education and training remained constant compared to 2016 to 2017.
Student Classroom Ratio (SCR) is defined as average number of pupils per classroom. In a school year the ideal size is 30 students per classroom. The steady trend show that the SCR is within the range of 30 students per classroom in 2018 with the highest number of students is 23 per classroom.
According to VEMIS reports the standard student teacher ratio is 1 teacher to 30 students. Sanma Province has shown a positive progress in this standard throughout each of the educational level in which the student teacher ratio lies within the standard range. In contrast, the highest student teacher ratio is evident within the ECE level in 2017 with ratio of 1 teacher to 31 students.
The total number of teachers has shown an increase of 967 in 2018 compared to 904 in the previous year. By educational level, ECE recorded an increase of 19% in 2018 and Primary at 5% while Secondary decreased by 2% over the previous year.
For more information, download the report from the link below.