About National Sustainable Development Plan
What is NSDP?
NSDP stands for the National Sustainable Development Plan also known as the “Peoples Plan”. The plan is founded on culture, traditional knowledge and Christian principles, and builds on Vanuatu’s development journey since independence. In brief, the NSDP has three (3) main pillars with each having its own respective goals, policy objectives, indicators and targets. These pillars are Environment, Society and Economy. The indicators and targets that accompany the NSDP will help Vanuatu monitor and measure progress of development within the nation’s environment, society and economy.
Why not HIES but NSDP?
The last Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) was in 2010, HIES was supposed to be done every 5 years. Due to funding and cyclone Pam in 2015, the survey could not be carried out but a mini census in 2016. In order for Vanuatu to measure progress it needs to carry out a survey and the indicators in the NSDP are relevant to the indicators for the HIES. The survey is financed by the Government of Vanuatu with significant support from the Republic of India through the newly established Commonwealth Window of the India-UN Development Partnership Fund.
The Funding was enough to do an extended HIES including additional questions were added, thus, the “NSDP Baseline survey”. The NSDP Baseline Survey is an expanded Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) and is inclusive of health, educational, cultural, and productive dimensions previously uncollected or in need of updating. The results of this survey will inform directly more than 30 key indicators listed in the NSDP M&E Framework, as well as more than 40 of the listed indicators for the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Purpose of NSDP Baseline Survey.
NSDP baseline survey with longer questionnaire, extended duration of one year and the core purpose of monitoring the peoples plan.
The survey will provide the government and its stake holders with the following:
- Baseline information for assessing progress on policy objectives in the NSDP.
- Baseline information for assessing progress on international targets set by UN SDG, and also the regional targets of National Minimum Development Indicator (NMDI)
- Provide government with the rebase Consumer Price Index weights.
- Provide government with updates that is critical for National Accounts rebasing.
- Provide government with update information on Melanesian wellbeing indicators.
- Provide government with baseline information on labour, agriculture, income & expenditure patterns and also deriving the Poverty information.
NSDP Baseline Survey preparation
The survey questionnaire for the NSDP Baseline Survey has been designed by VNSO in collaboration with our regional technical partners at Secretariat for the Pacific Community (SPC) Statistics for Development Division. The questionnaire was built with sound advice for best practices from our international partners including the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Labour Organization (ILO), and others. The questionnaire was further scrutinized internally at VNSO in cooperation with the Department of Strategic Policy, Planning, and Aid Coordination (DSPPAC) with the objective that the survey will serve as a tool for NSDP monitoring. Finally, the questionnaire was opened for scrutiny to all national stakeholders, inclusive of aid donors and development partners, for a full two-week period and feedback was incorporated where it could be accommodated. A final questionnaire has been developed and further changes has been made to allow appropriate timing for an interview to take place.
A detailed sample design using the frame established by the 2016 Mini Census has been completed, along with a set of detailed field plans for all 14 teams that are to be deployed around the country for a period of 12 months. The teams will be moving in all six Provinces and both urban centers for the entire collection period visiting roughly 4,800 randomly selected households across 39 islands.